When is Enough….Enough?

From Ferguson MO to New York City, from North Charleston SC to Baltimore Maryland, must we continue to live under deadly assaults from officers that’s sworn to protect and serve? 

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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “An injustice anywhere is an injustice everywhere.” Injustices what has been taken place all over the country by officers of the law that has been sworn to protect and serve. Due to citizens recording police officers using deadly force in the performance of their duties, it is bringing more light of the mistreatment of African-Americans
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Black Lives Matter, Hands up don’t shoot, and I can’t breath became popular mottos for protesters for the deaths of Mike Brown and Eric Gardner. Due to the non indictment of police officers Darren Wilson and Daniel Pantaleo some people took anger of the decisions and decided to riot.

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 But what are the things that we don’t know? What are the facts? Most importantly how can we prevent deadly force from ever being perpetrated on citizens preferably minorities. Throughout researching this topic I had the pleasure of sitting down with four different people and getting their perspectives on police brutality. First was Darryl Burke who is a cadet at the Toledo police department in which he says, “Police need more training in dealing with diversification.” This is what he had to say below:

He also says, “There should be more African-Americans on police forces.” Adding that, “The reason that there aren’t too many on the force is because the distrust of cops amongst African-Americans, and the so called rule of “Stop Snitching” is frowned upon in the African-American community.”

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Many people claim to argue that body cameras are a way to go in ending police brutality, but Yuning Wu begs to differ. After sitting down with professor Yuning Wu at Wayne State University’s department of of criminal justice this is what she had to say about police officers wearing body cameras:

Wu also says that, “It takes a lot of hours to look through every officers camera, in which some officers camera will not be viewed.” She also says that, “We should focus on additional training that should be assigned to police officers to handle certain situations, that may be a better result.”

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According to the CATO institute  National Police Misconduct Reporting Project (NPMRP) it says that in 2010 there were 3,814 reports of police misconduct. Adding that $213,840,000 were settled in civil cases. Another person I had the pleasure to sit down with is Wayne State police Lieutenant David M. Scott, who gave me the perception of excessive force from a police point of view in the video below:

Lieutenant Scott says, “As an officer of the law, I believe that any officer that uses lethal force in a unjust matter should be scrutinized.” He also says that, “Being an officer is not an easy job anything can happen, but when it comes to shooting people in the back when they are running away, then without question they deserve to be punished.” Adding that “I don’t think race should be an issue, lets throw race out of it, we need to look at situations like these as a life taking a life not a white man taking a black man’s life.”

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Wayne State University professor Ronald Brown who teaches sociology says that, “Race has a lot to do with police brutality.” He also mentions that, “As much as it is about race, the root of the problem is the lack of opportunity that African-Americans preferably African-American males that aren’t granted to them.” He describes in this clip below:

Time after time there has always been a problem between minorities and police officers. Throughout time we have also witnessed civil unrest amongst citizens who disagree on how police officers conduct themselves amongst minorities. Throughout American history this have been a problem and will always be one unless we stop looking the other way and address this issue head on. Lets not use the word thug but use the word peace.

Additional Information on Police brutality:

Detroit Coalition Against Police Brutality:

http://detroitcoalition.org

Additional statics of police brutality: http://www.copblock.org/2841/police-brutality-statistics/

An additional statics article about police brutality: http://www.democracynow.org/topics/police_brutality?utm_campaign=non+brand&utm_medium=ppc&utm_source=bing&utm_term=police+brutality+statistics

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Going Viral Book Review

Introduction

What does it mean to you for something to “Go Viral?” The authors Karine Nohan and Jeff Hemsely answers that question along side many others in this publication. In the text it says when it comes to virality, “Speed and Reach” are cited as the qualities of it, also sharing and word of mouth makes an event even more viral. In the text the first mentioning of someone going viral was the arrest of Rosa Parks, but at that time they had telephones, handbills (flyers), and the word of mouth in which caused forty-thousand people to quit ridding the bus.

In today’s information age there are various social media sites available such as Youtube, Facebook, and Twitter, etc. Nohan and Hemsely describes these sites as, “The new information ecosystem, an individual can share information that can flash across our digitally supported social networks with a speed and reach never before available to the vast majority of people.”

What I found most memorable

The book explains everything from gatekeeping (Hubs), viral content, and the afterlife of an viral event. The main point that I found most memorable is chapter 4. “What is everyone looking at?”  This particular chapter  explains the reason that audiences makes certain things go viral. This particular part of the book stood out to me because this chapter explains that the type of content that goes viral falls under the category of humor, surprise, or emotion, and everything that that I’ve noticed that has went viral usually fell under those categories.

 Illustrating my point.

In chapter four, on page 63. The text says, “Emotional aspects are one set of factors that can make content remarkable. But information characteristics, like humor, surprise, novelty, resonance, and quality, can influence our decision to share as well.”

Going Viral’s Strengths and Weaknesses 

I will says that one of the major strengths of the book is the amount of information that the authors provides for the reader. The graphs, charts, and statics explains to the reader why a certain event goes viral. As far as weaknesses, I cannot find one. I found the book to be very enlightening and very refreshing, so all and all the book is a good source of information. I enjoyed the book, I thought that it gave me a great insight on how things go viral to a wide audience.

Reviews:

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/lsereviewofbooks/2014/06/09/book-review-going-viral-by-karine-nahon-and-jeff-hemsley/

http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/18149200-going-viral

Is it OK for a journalist to friend or follow a source?

Social media is evolving more and more in the field of journalism. But is is ethical for a professional journalist to follow their friends or their sources on social media? In a Online News Association (ONA) article tilted, “Social Network and The News: Key Issues” it has different suggestions on this particular topic. The  article suggests that in an impartial news organization, journalists should be very cautious when it comes to friending and following sources. Reason why is because journalists may have an anonymous source/friend that could be put at risk.

In an other news organizations the article suggests that, journalist shouldn’t friend colleagues working underneath them. Reason why is because some newer employees may feel like their forced to accept there friend requests.

In an American Journalism Review (AJR) article tilted “To Friend or Not to Friend” reported that, “Reporters have not received much in the way of managerial guidance on this subject, and there tend to be no established guidelines.” But journalists often worry that accepting a source’s friend request can create an conflict of interest.

Poynter journalism website issued an article titled ,”7 ways journalists can make better ethical decisions when using Facebook.” One of the suggestions are,” journalist should avoid interacting with politicians or sources on Facebook.” Another is that, you should “keep your audience trust in mind.” Always keep in mind that that it’s all about your audience opinion and not your own.

Over the last few years social media have created a good tool for journalists to use, but the main question journalists should ask themselves before they click the “Add Friend” button. The question they should ask should be: Is it ethical?